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  • Shree Hanumanji's Birth
  • Hanuman Meets Sugriv
  • Shri Ram Meets Shri Hanuman
  • Destruction of Raavan’s Golden Lanka
  • Maha Yudh – Between Shri Ram and Ravan
  • Killing of Ahiravan
  • Hanuman, the most favourite devotee of Raghunandan (Shri Ram)
Shree Hanumanji's Birth

His birth is widely believed to have occurred on a Tuesday. His birthday is considered to be Chaitra Sud Poonam (full moon day of Month Chaitra according to Hindu calendar). Some also believe it to be Chaitra Sud Ekam (the first day of Chaitra Month) in Magha Nakshatra (constellation). Some also believe his birth to have occurred on a Saturday – hence both these days are considered auspicious and best for their worship of Lord Hanuman.

Incarnation

It believed that Lord Shiva’s element called ‘Eleventh Rudra,’ took a form of a monkey God to arrive on the holy earth as Mahaveer Hanuman. He chose to come through the sacred womb of holy mother Anjanidevi and Holy Father Lord Kapiraj Shri Kesari. Thus, Lord Hanuman is also known ‘Kesari Nandan.’

A steadfast devotee of Lord Shri Ram - Hanuman was destined to worship him and further assist him discharge his holy duties and commitments to the mankind. It is said that Lord Shri Ram too recognized Hanuman to be an incarnation (ansh)
of Lord Shiva who chose to take birth specially to serve Lord
Vishnu during his avatar as Shri Ram.

Anecdotes

Anjanidevi and Kapiraj Shri Kesariji adored their child Hanuman and bestowed all their love and affection on him since his birth. He spent his childhood doing pranks and loved various types of sports and merry making.

To quote from one of its widely known childhood incident, once it so happened that Shri Kesari left early for the forest and mother Anjanidevi also went out to pick flowers and fruits while baby Hanuman was yet fast asleep in his cradle. However, soon after his parents went, the baby suddenly woke up and felt hungry. Observing no one around, baby Hanuman immediately began crying. While crying he happened to get a glimpse of the rising son at the horizon and he mistook the Sun to be a bright red fruit.

In no time Hanuman flew and rapidly started to approach the ‘red fruit’ (rising Sun). Sight of Hanuman approaching the Sun astonished the Gods as well as demons. They began wondering at the child and were extremely amazed to think what this child could accomplish during his youthful years!

The God of Winds - The God of Winds (Pavandev) – who is believed to be the guardian of Lord Hanuman anxiously watched his son flying towards the Sun. He was afraid that his son would not be able to tolerate blazes of the Sun. Pavandev started blowing cool icy winds to protect the child Hanuman. However, Suryadev (Sun God) recognized Lord Hanuman as the son of Wind God (Pavanputra) who was then fast approaching towards him and also saw Pavandev following baby Hanuman.

The Sun God considered it to be its great fortune that Lord Shiva in the form of a child was approaching him and hurriedly went towards Hanuman to bless him. Suryadev welcomed Hanuman in a warm embrace even as the latter began playing around the Sun’s chariot.

However; coincidently, it was the last day of month and son of Sanhiksha - Rahu came in the way of Hanuman to protect Sun. Rahu observed that the child was playing around the Sun’s chariot and soon took position to eclipse the Sun. On facing Rahu, Hanuman caught hold of him as he saw him obstructing his way to reach the Sun. Rahu struggled hard to escape from Hanuman’s strong clutches but couldn’t manage to do so.

As and when Hanuman freed Rahu, he rushed to Lord Indra complaining about the child who was covering the Sun. At this point, Rahu’s eyes were in tears, and that caused anxiety to Lord Indra who was shaken to learn that it was an unknown child who made a great warrior like Rahu cry like a helpless baby.       

Accompanied by Rahu, Lord Indra mounted on his divine elephant Aairawat and proceeded towards the Sun. When Hanuman saw them approaching, he again caught Rahu and rushed towards Lord Indra who riding his Aairawat. Hanuman felt attracted towards Aairawat, he took him as a toy and began playing with it. Unable to fathom the child’s divine strength, frightened Indra attacked Hanuman using his mightiest weapon ‘Vajra’ and did a severe blow.

Lord Hanuman’s chin was hurt during this attack (and thus he was named Hanuman as ‘Hanu’ in Sanskrit means chin). Due to the severe blow of Indra’s ‘Vajra’, baby Hanuman became unconscious. Hanuman’s guardian Pavandev rushed to protect Hanuman but saw him falling down. The conflict ended and a deafening silence prevailed as Pavandev slipped out in a fraction of a second carrying his son Hanuman back to their cave.

As Pavandev withdrew his powers in a reaction to Indra’s blow on baby Hanuman, winds stopped blowing abruptly in all the three worlds. This action left all living beings gasping for breath. It not only agonized Gods like Indra, but even Demons, Gandharvas (angels in the sky), snakes and others species; all rushed to Lord Brahma (Creator of the World) and prayed to him for their protection.

Urged by their prayers, Lord Brahma led the entire group and headed for the mountain cave to see Pavandev and seek a solution that could avert the great disaster staring at the very survival of the world. Seeing the child Hanuman in the arms of Pavandev, Bramha lovingly took him in his arms and blessed him. Soon, Hanuman became conscious and returned back to normal state playing around as a normal child. Pavandev immediately relented and restored the air flow around the three worlds gifting back life, which had by then, almost come to a standstill.

Lord Brahma then blessed Hanuman with a boon that would protect him from the proverbial Brahma’s curse (Brahmashap) – and always remain protected from the any serious injury inflicted by the blows of his strong arm ‘Vajra’. Brahma then asked other deities to bless baby Hanuman with special boons. Lord Indra honoured Hanuman with a lotus garland and regretted his error.

To commemorate this incident he named Hanuman as Kapishrestha (the best monkey-man). The Lord Sun blessed baby Hanuman with brilliance and showered upon him the power of knowledge of various sciences and other arts. His prophecy was that Hanuman would remain unchallenged expert and also a great orator.

It was Lord Varun’s turn who blessed baby Hanuman with a boon that he would always be protected from water. Lord ‘Yam’ or the God of Hell blessed him healthy life and free from his curse (dand). Shri Kuber showered his blessings declaring that Hanuman would always remain happy and contented, be it in war with demons - a group that would never be able to defeat him.

Lord Shiva assured safety of Hanuman with a band (kavach) that would protect him for life. Shri Vishwakarma (The Lord of Creation) said that he (Hanuman) would be protected from all his creations in the form of objects or weapons. Rounding off, Lord Brahma once again blessed the child with boon that this great son of Lord Pavandev would be feared by all his enemies and would also protect his friends, forever. As a special boon, he bestowed Hanuman with the power to take any form or shape. He also blessed him to be able to reach wherever he desired to be, uninhibited. All the deities thus blessed Hanuman that he would remain undefeated and invincible during his lifetime.

Thus, Hanuman exhibited his rare virtues like courage during his childhood days and won the hearts and blessings of many. Even as a child he was so strong and powerful that he could uproot big trees and throw them around. There was not a single summit or a mountain which Shri Hanuman had left unconquered.

At times, he used to reach the ‘Ashram’ (where Gurus / Rishis / Sants / Saints lived) and play pranks or tricks on them. Such acts would often disturb them in their holy penance or concentration during their long hours of meditation. He would hang mats, pots and other personal belongings of the hermits on the branches of the trees. In this fashion, he used to create number of hurdles for them. As Hanuman grew up, his mischief simply went on increasing and his parents often felt extremely anxious for him.   

His parents were often approached by the hermits who complained about Hanuman’s crazy acts. His father would express his regrets reminding them that Hanuman was a boon attained as a result of the power and glory of their penance. He prayed to them to excuse Hanuman and generously bless his beloved son in such a manner that he would turn sober and calm. The saints pondered over this request and concluded that this would be possible only if Hanuman forgot his power and strength for time-being.

The saints were actually aware that Hanuman was born to dedicatedly serve Shri Ram. After deep ponderings the saints of Bhrugu and Angira lineage ‘cursed’ Hanuman so that he would not be aware about his own brilliance and strength, and the same would only be restored and multiplied when someone reminded him about those powers. Due to such a curse, brilliance and strength of Hanuman got temporarily suppressed and he became gentle and sober in nature. 

They performed several cultural rites/rituals in order to instill strong character in Hanuman. Lord Suryanarayan turned the preceptor (teacher) and he taught Hanuman the entire Vedic Sciences (Ved Shastra) and Sub Sciences (Upshastra). While undergoing this learning process, Hanuman continuously chanted the name ‘Shri Ram’; as if in a trance or meditation– immersed in Ram Bhakti – transforming himself to be called ‘Param Bhakta’ or ‘supreme devotee.’

Thus, Hanuman spent a very eventful and amazing childhood.

Hanuman Meets Sugriv
 

This most important episode in the life of Hanuman when he met Sugriv, and it was predestined.

Following the golden traditions, Hanuman on completion of his studies under the tutelage of Lord Suryanarayan, enquired as to what was to be presented in reciprocation (or Gurudaxina) of the studies proffered by the Sun God. Suryanarayan retorted denying any acceptance of Gurudakshina, but extracted a promise from Hanuman that he would help and accompany Sugriv throughout his lifetime; the younger brother of Vali who belonged to Suryanarayan’s lineage.

Hanuman readily and politely promised Lord Suryanarayan that he would accompany Sugriv all his lifetime and protect him forever. Thereafter, Hanuman returned from ‘Gandhmadat’ mountain to his
join his parents.

The story goes that there was a monkey king named Rukshar. He had two sons namely; Vali and Sugriv. The king showered all his love on both the children. Both were very intelligent, handsome and extremely fond of each other. Sugriv respected Vali like a parent even though he was his elder brother. When their father died, the advisers to the kingdom considered Vali ascend the throne. With the passage of time however, both the brothers separated. Later, even Sugriv was dismissed and banished from his own kingdom.

Meanwhile, Monkey King Kesari sent Hanuman to Pampapur for gaining knowledge in politics where he got acquainted with Sugriv. Since those times friendship and bonds grew strong between Hanuman and Sugriv. Such was the power of their friendship that they both stood by each other in their time of crises facing adversity in unison, courageously and victoriously.

Shri Ram Meets Shri Hanuman

Sugriv went near Matang Rushi’s Ashram fearing Vali’s anger and threat for life. But, Vali was unable to reach there due to a curse by the great Saint. Sugriv and Hanuman began staying together with Vanar (Monkey) army there in the jungle. Coincidently, Shri Ram and Laxman arrived there in search of Sita. Earlier as we all know, Ravan had kidnapped Sita under disguise forcing her to cross ‘Laxman Rekha’ (the line of protection drawn by Ram’s brother Laxman in order to protect Sita from all kinds of bad incidents. Ravan had who arrived in the disguise of a saint seeking alms and food ensured that Sita herself felt urged to cross ‘Laxman Rekha’. And then he kidnapped her and took her under his custody in his famous palace at Lanka.

When Shri Ram and Laxman returned to their Kutiya (hut) in Panchavati they did not find Sita. They searched for her all around the place and finally they embarked on this journey through the forest in search of Sita. Thus, while on a look out for Sita, Shri Ram and Laxman began their journey towards Rushimook Mountain. Seeing them approaching in his direction, Sugriv got worried suspecting that Vali had sent two of his brave soldiers to kill him. Under this cloud of fear and discomfort, Sugriv ordered Hanuman to investigate further. Hence, Hanuman under the guise of a Brahmin approached Shri Ram and his brother Laxman.

On seeing Shri Ram, Hanuman realized of the latter’s holy presence and aura, and bowed in respect. Then, Hanuman politely questioned Shri Ram, about themselves and the purpose of their visit. Shri Ram introduced himself and his dear brother Laxman and their mission to oceanrch for and seek Sita. Realising their tragedy, Hanuman dropped his guise and opened up introducing himself and Sugriv. He also narrated the story of Vali and Sugriv.

Shri Ram spoke about his journey so far and how they had reached Rushimook mountain. In this way Shri Ram met Shri Hanuman and the latter began his mission of life and service of his Lord.

Destruction of Raavan’s Golden Lanka

As we all know Raavan has drawn out Sita from the ‘Laxman Rekha’ and kidnapped her to Lanka in his chariot. At that time, Sita screamed for help but there was none around as Shri Ram and Laxman had gone to the forest. However, there was a old vulture named Jatayu who came to the rescue of Sita and tried his best to save her from the clutches of cruel Raavan. Unfortunately, due to old age, Jatayu failed in his bid to desist Raavan from taking away Sita. In a duel with Ravan, poor Jatayu could not fly and he fell down on the earth losing the power to fly. He was left bleeding in the jungle to die.

Meanwhile, Ram-Laxman who were now joined by Sugriv and Hanuman and their ‘Vanar’ monkey family, resumed their search for Sita. Knowing the powers of Hanuman, Shri Ram and Sugriv decided to send Hanuman on the mission to first locate Sita and also send their message along him with to her. This decision was justified as Hanuman was blessed and was an expert negotiator and would help facilitate the release of Sita from the clutches of Raavan. Also hanuman had necessary powers as informed earlier capable of overcoming tough situations and easily crossing the long ocean to reach Lanka. Possessing special powers and strength to reach Lanka, Shri Ram and Sugriv finally placed on Hanuman’s broad shoulders the task of locating Sita in Raavan’s Lanka.

This was considered as the most difficult duty and none other than Hanuman could fulfill the same. Shri Hanuman was ready to carry forward the task as a mark of respect and love for his most respected Lord (Prabhu) Shri Ram. He promised Shri Ram that he would do his best to assist him in bringing back Sita from Lanka. It was as if Shri Ram and Hanuman were only created for this epic event. Shri Ram thus selected Hanuman to send a message to Sita and handed over his ring as a token of his recognition.

Lord Hanuman then embarked on the journey but he was anxious as he realized that he was not free of the curse received from the Rushis during his childhood so far, and knew well that his powers were limited. While standing on the coast overlooking the ocean, he was worried as to how would he accomplish this task! At that instant, expert Jambuvant from Vanar (Monkey) army reminded Hanuman of his hidden strength and inspired him which helped him to regain his lost powers.  

On regaining his powers, Hanuman acquired gorgeous gigantic physical form for which he came to be known as ‘Mahaveer’. Seeing him in this form, the Vanar army got astonished. In consonance, the entire Vanar army immediately bowed out to Hanuman and chanted out slogans like ‘Jay Shri Ram’ and ‘Jay Shri Hanuman’. The entire area was filled these chants enlivening the atmosphere near the ocean, which was by then, totally charged.

Roaring aloud and taking oath in the name of Lord Shri Ram, Hanuman started his journey towards Raavan’s golden Lanka. Crossing the gigantic ocean, Hanuman faced a lot of hurdles. Demons, monsters and other devils or ‘Danavas’ kept on obstructing him while raising their heads in his noble mission. But the dedicated and zealous Mahaveer Shri Hanuman overcame all such hindrances and kept on single mindedly moving towards his ultimate destination – Raavan’s Lanka.

Finally, Hanuman reached the golden Lanka. He was stunned to see on display the golden glory of that kingdom. For the beginning, there was a tight and indestructible security in the form of Raavan’s trusted demons. But Hanuman was clever enough and shrank himself (became very small) to penetrate through the wall like security and enter Lanka unnoticed.

Raavan’s ‘Golden’ Lanka was gigantic and was well planned and complex. Without getting disturbed or blinded by the beautry of the place, Hanuman’s first and foremost job was to trace out Sita as soon as possible. However, his job was fraught with a lot of risks and difficulties as it was night time in Lanka. To trace exactly where Sita had held in captivity by Raavan was a big task. Hanuman thus diligently started checking out each and every room of Raavan’s palace.

In his quest for Sita, Hanuman landed at the bedroom where he clearly overheard someone chanting ‘Jai Shri Ram’. On closer observation, he found to his surprise Vibhishan - the younger brother of Raavan who was praying and chanting in the name of Shri Ram. Curious Hanuman thought of directly asking Vibhishan about where Sita had been kept in captivity by Raavan. But, he then adopted the appearance of a Brahmin and stood in front of Vibhishan. In low tone, he questioned Vibhishan as to who he was and why was he chanting Shri Ram’s name.

Vibhishan then informed Hanuman that he a simple devotee of Lord Shri Ram and also the brother of the Raavan – the ferocious demon and king the Golden Lanka. Hanuman in his introduction stated that he too was a devotee of Shri Ram and when he realized that the latter is a gentle person and a true devotee of Shri Ram, Hanuman appeared before him in his true form.

He introduced himself to Vibhishan and told him about the actual purpose of his visit to Lanka. Immediately, Vibhishan recognised Hanuman as an avatar of Lord Shiv and promptly bowed down to him. He said he was truly fortunate for getting glimpses of Hanuman. He also informed that Sita was held in captivity at ‘Ashok Vatika’ (Ashok Garden) surrounded by female demons.

Taking Vibhishan’s good wishes in this holy mission, soon Hanuman left for ‘Ashok Vatika’ where he chanced upon Sita in deep distress worried about Shri Ram. He observed that she was surrounded by female demons that were fast asleep. Hanuman was so touched by that scene that his eyes started overflowing with tears.

Seeing only Sita awake in disturbed state, Hanuman took the opportunity to throw at her the ring the given by Shri Ram. Sita’s attention was soon drawn by it and her eyes glowed in recognition that it belonged to her Lord Shri Ram and no one else. With her eyes brimming in tears she looked around as if wondering where it came from. Hanuman then appeared in front of Sita in a small form and introduced himself. Initially, Sita failed to fathom what was happening and who was in front of her. She wondered whether it was some illusionary strategy of Raavan like what she had experienced earlier.

Hanuman soon restored himself to his normal form and size. He assured her with confidence that he was a true devotee of Shri Ram and he (Shri Ram) would soon come on a mission to her rescue and would free her from the clutches of Raavan. Sita could easily notice deep devotion towards Shri Ram in the heart of Hanuman and she showered him with rare ‘Ashta Siddhi’ and ‘Nav Nidhi’ blessings.

All the while Hanuman was travelling and did not get time to eat. In his fit of hunger which he indicated to Sita also, he simply picked some fruits from the tree of ‘Ashok Vatika’. He was so hungry that in no time, he ate up all the fruits that were there on the single tree nearby. However, long and tiring journey to Lanka had left him hungry and he could not get satisfied so, he started eating all the fruits appearing on every tree in ‘Ashok Vatika’. After eating all the fruits, he simply went about uprooting each of them and dispersing them and throwing them along side. Soon, ‘Ashok Vatika’ had no tree standing upright and the entire garden turned barren in no time.

Meanwhile, seeing noticing destruction all around Ashok Vatika, Raavan’s royal guards started making hue and cry and ordered Hanuman to stop further destruction threatening him of severe reciprocal action. Now, Hanuman in his fit of anger held aloft all the demons in a bunch and knocked them out. Realizing the immense power of Hanuman, some demons sent out distress message to Raavan stating that an unnamed monkey was carrying out rampant destruction of ‘Ashok Vatika’ and had also killed many demons guarding the place.

Hearing this, Raavan’s son Akshaykumar sought his father’s permission to control the situation and soon reached the site of destruction. He saw Hanuman standing tall among the uprooted trees on one hand and dead bodies of demons strewn all around the Vatika in blood. In a fit of rage, Akshaykumar attacked Hanuman and after a brief but decisive battle, Hanuman emerged victorious and Akshaykumar paid for his life.

Raavan was immediately informed of this sad news. He sank in deep sorrow only to emerge deeply anguished and angry too. This charged Indrajeet - the second son of Raavan who then rushed to Askok Vatika in order to seek revenge of his dead brother. Indrajeet engaged Hanuman to fight a long drawn battle. Though Indrajeet was a brave warrior and put up a strong fight but only to lose out against Hanuman. Ii is widely believed that in this battle, Indrajeet used ‘Brahmashtra’ against Hanuman (the ultimate weapon as per Hindu Shashtras).

Like a true fighter should, Hanuman bowed in honour of the Brahmashtra and then accepted its hold with grace. Hanuman then reached the royal palace where Raavan had held the royal court. He politely announced the message of Shri Ram to Raavan stating that he was Shri Ram’s peace messenger requested him to free Sita immediately or face the consequences like his brother and son as well as the demons who had lost their precious lives. Raavan was too self-indulgent and full of vanity due to which he did not succumb to the advices of his ministers and subordinates. He immediately ordered Hanuman’s arrest and got his hands and knees tied with strong ropes. Next, he directed his warriors to set Hanuman’s tail on fire as punishment and parade him throughout entire Lanka in humiliation for having created such a mass destruction and loss of lives.

In the bid to set the tail on fire, the Raavan’s warrior wrapped his tail in cloth but they soon realized that they were running short of it in order to cover his tail completely set it on fire. Clever and powerful with his God gifted powers, Hanuman simply went about elongating his till they ran out of the cloth. Finally, in accordance with Raavan’s orders, Hanuman’s tail was set ablaze. It was time for Hanuman to act and he soon enlarged himself in his usual gigantic form and started moving around the palace with his burning tail setting the bedrooms on fire. Soon after, he emerged out of the burning palace of Raavan, to set houses and places in and around Lanka including the belongings of the people on fire. Hanuman spared only ‘Ashok Vatika’ and the palace of Vibhishan.  

Soon Lanka was burning all around and reduced to ashes in no time. It was now time for Hanuman to extinguish the fire on his tail by immersing it in the ocean water. Thereafter, he reached ‘Ashok Vatika’ and bowing to Sita took her permission to return back to Shri Ram. He assured her that soon Shri Ram would come there and save her. Sita as a parting gift handed over her ‘Choodamani’ (an ornament: jewel studded bangle) to be handed over to Shri Ram as a proof of meeting her in Lanka.     

Seeing Hanuman return safely from Lanka, Shri Ram, Laxman, Sugriv and entire Vanar Sena got delighted and cried out ‘Jay Shri Ram’ and ‘Jay Shri Hanuman’ with joy. Hanuman then narrated the entire ‘Lanka’ episode to Shri Ram and all present. He handed over to Shri Ram, the Choodamani given by Sita.

Shri Ram enquired about Sita and on learning about her sorrow and anguish had his and Laxman’s eyes in tears. The entire Vanar Sena along with those present turned emotional and followed suit.

Shri Ram appreciated the efforts of Hanuman and thanked him for accomplishing the task given, successfully. He went then to warmly embrace him and bless Hanuman. With this show of love and affection, Hanuman felt deeply touched.

Maha Yudh – Between Shri Ram and Ravan

Mother of all battles – the royal battle between the good and the evil - between Shri Ram and Raavan, was soon on cards. When Raavan did not free Sita even after a serious persuasion by his brother Vibhishan; the battle between Shri Ram and Ravan became inevitable. Sugriv instructed his Vanar Sena to stand on alert alongside Shri Ram and Laxman for the forth coming duel. As such, each and every member of the Vanar Sena was ready to dedicate and sacrifice their lives for Shri Ram and his cause.

In the ensuing battle, Raavan humiliated Vibhishan for his stand to release Sita from his captivity. Defying Raavan’s orders, Vibhishan just went to Shri Ram and surrendered himself. Vibhishan was then warmly welcomed by Shri Ram and the former
(Vibhishan) considered him self lucky as being the chosen
one to worship Shri Ram.

This epic battle was perilous and at the onset, fraught with a big challenge for Shri Ram and his fighters to overcome in the form of crossing of the huge ocean to reach Raavan’s Lanka that was surrounded by the ocean. Shri Ram-Laxman, Sugriv, Hanuman and entire Vanar Sena stood by the ocean in all readiness wondering how to cross the large ocean and reach Lanka on the other side.

Meanwhile, Shri Ram propitiated ‘Varun Dev’ (God of Wind) and ‘Jalsagar – Samudradev’ (God of the Oceans) to provide a way out for all of them together with Vanar Sena to reach Lanka. But ‘Varun Dev’ was unable to do so as there was a danger of loss of lives below the ocean. Hence, Varun Dev excused and apologized before Shri Ram and requested him to build a bridge over ocean as a safe solution. He also informed Shri Ram that the two Vanar warriors Nal and Neel were blessed with power whereby anything dropped by them in water would remain afloat. Next, the Vanar Sena took charge of the operations and started bringing stones inscribing name of Shri Ram over them and handed the same over to ‘Nal’ and ‘Neel’.  

Thus, construction of a bridge over the ocean began and steadily with Nal and Neel dropping the stones over the ocean forming a long bridge towards Lanka. Walking over the bridge, the Vanar Sena started their advance towards Lanka. All this while, they chanted ‘Shri Ram’ as the bridge got completed. The Vanar Sena along with Shri Ram – Laxman, Shri Hanuman and Sugriv soon arrived at Lanka with the bridge constructed by Nal and Neel.

On their arrival, Shri Ram with his Vanar Sena surrounded Lanka from all sides for the final assault. He once again sent ‘Angad’, son of the deceased King Vali before Raavan in a last effort to resolve the crisis arising due to Sita being held in captivity. Even after ‘Angad Vishti’ (deliberation or discussions between Angad and Raavan for peace) Raavan did not relent and continued his arrogant stance, which resulted into the most destructive war between the armies of Shri Ram and Ravan. During the battle, Hanuman always remained close to Shri Ram and Laxman to ensure defeat of several demons.

When Ram’s army surrounded Raavan’s, the latter took help of his younger brother Kumbhkarna who was known as a sleeping giant. Though Khumbhakarna was a devotee of Shri Ram, he obeyed his brother Raavan and fought for Raavan during the battle. Sadly, Kumbhakarna lost his life and was killed by Shri Ram.       

Meghnath, son of Raavan, too was a brave and glorious warrior blessed with adequate knowledge about wars and battle strategies. While battling with Meghnath, Laxman got seriously injured by his arrows which pierced his body and he fell unconscious. Seeing his condition, Shri Ram was too anxious. Vibhishan instructed Hanuman to call the Ayurvedacharya (doctor who extensively uses herbs in treatment of all types of patients) from Lanka. After thoroughly examining Laxman, the doctor prescribed ‘Sanjeevani Buti’ (a powerful life saving herbal medicine) which would bring Laxman back to consciousness. However, ‘Sanjeevani Buti’ was available only in the mountains of Himalaya in the North India.

Who else but Hanuman could accomplish the task of getting the herbs from Himalayas? Seeking blessing of Shri Ram, Hanuman set off for the Himalayas amidst the chanting of Shri Ram’s name. On reaching the Himalayas, he failed to recognize ‘Sanjeevani Buti’ and was confused. To find a way out he thought of a solution. It was simply to carry the entire ‘Dronachal’ mountain from Himalayas to the battle field in Lanka. Laxman finally survived, thanks to Hanuman who got the miraculous mountain herbs which were applied on Laxman’s body and recovered very fast to join the great battle.

Regaining his gigantic form Hanuman later assisted Laxman while supporting his (Laxman’s) arm in the fight to defeat and kill Meghnath. Thus, Raavan was faced with the situation of mounting personal losses as another dreaded day ended with the sun setting in the East.

Killing of Ahiravan

The epic battle was nearing climax what with Raavan losing all his brothers and sons in the battle field, only to be the lone survivor then. He sent orders to the Patal (deep stratum or earth’s underbelly) King named Ahiravan to kill Shri Ram. It so happened that while Vibhishan went to coast side in the early morning, Ahiravan in disguise of Vibhishan entered the Vanar Sena camp while every one was asleep.

He kidnapped brothers Shri Ram-Laxman while they were fast asleep and entered the deep stratum of the earth or Patal. When Sugriv and the entire Vanar Sena and Hanuman could not locate Shri Ram and Laxman, next day early morning, they launched a massive search operation and learnt that it was Ahiravan who had kidnapped brothers Shri Ram-Laxman under disguise and through betrayal. Hanuman once again returned to his micro form and entered the deepest stratum of the earth to locate Shri Ram and Laxman.

Reaching the gates, he found Makardhwaj in charge of the security of Ahirawan’s kingdom and his army was guarding the gates. Hanuman fought a pitched battle with Ahiravan’s army and finally vanquished (killed) him. In this manner he freed Shri Ram and Laxman from the clutches of the Patal King. Before returning, Shri Ram instructed Hanuman to install Makardhwaj (believed to be son of Hanuman) as the king of Ahiravan’s kingdom (Patalpuri) and then they safely proceeded to Lanka.                

With none to fight for him, Raavan was left with the only option of fighting with Shri Ram and his armies. The battle witnessed thousands of warriors losing their lives. More important was the loss of near and dear ones from either of the sides.

Raavan was extremely powerful and was feared by all. He was a brave and learned person of his time. However, without self restraint nothing works out well. This is where Raavan got trapped and turned a blind eye to all wise counsel that was offered by one and all in his kingdom.

He immediately entered the battle field attacking Shri Ram’s army and killing many who came his way. Ultimately, he neared the point where he came face to face with Shri Ram who was well prepared to take on the most fearful warriors of those times. In the ensuing battle, Raavan was killed by Shri Ram. In a bid to restore peace and harmony, Shri Ram offered the entire kingdom of Lanka to Vibhishan after winning the same. On assuming the throne, Vibhishan’s first act was to ensure that Sita was set free and united with Shri Ram.

Hanuman, the most favourite devotee of Raghunandan (Shri Ram)

Such is the grace of Shri Hanuman who became Param Bhakta and Param Sevak of Shri Ram. Hanuman was immortal, one possessing iron like body (Vajradehadhari), bereft of worldly desires, a powerhouse of strength and valour, possessing inherent qualities, knowledge , ashtasiddhi and navnidhi, supreme among the polite Chudamani warriors, Mahaveer -the Enlightened; a devotee par excellance! He was totally subservient, feared warrior, gentle, epitome of calm and peace, a celibate, a musician; one who helped and supported the poor and the downtrodden; a true incarnate of Lord Shiv. Also called Maruti Nandan, son of Anjani (Anjaniputra), son of Kesari (Kesarinandan), Shri Hanuman ……..we bow before you a thousand times (Koti Koti Vandan).

Shri Hanuman means the entire essence of life and motion; super soul (almighty) and the super power. Shri Hanuman is Eleventh Rudra of Shivji (part of Shivji) and immortal lord. It is Lord Shiv himself in the form of Shri Hanuman. It was his only objective to serve Shri Ram and advocate to keep faith in Shri Ram.

Shri Hanuman found mother Sita and she gave him two blessings.

“Ajar Amar Gun Nidhi Ho Hoon.” (He was blessed to be immortal.) and
“Ashta Siddhi Nav Nidhi Ke Data, Asaravdeen Janki Mata” (Mother Sita offered him with Ashta Siddhi and Nav Nidhi.)

One who sincerely and heartily worships Shri Hanuman will be free from all worldly odds and emerge victorious. No ghost or nor devil can come near such a devotee it is said. Such a devotee of Shri Hanuman stays away from any addiction and ego.

It is found that at several places of Shri Hanuman’s worship, a mere visit by people possessed with devils or ghost and bad thoughts, get immediately cured and rid of their agony while praying there. In the area in and around Hanuman’s temple is so sacrosanct that neither devil nor any ghost can survive and the devotee enters in a state of tranquility and peace, like never before.

There is an interesting myth behind Shri Hanuman. A separate mat is provided for Shri Hanuman wherever there is a Ram - Katha (Story telling session about Shri Ram and his life). It is said that Shri Hanuman comes to listen to the story there in an invisible form. Shri Rama and Sita are always shown in the heart of Hanuman indicating his true love and worship.

A true devotee like Shri Hanuman keeps worshipping the entire world considering it to be Shri Ram (Shiyavar Ram). Thus, Shri Hanuman is omnipresent and all pervading. Just keep on chanting his and Shri Ram’s name.

Jay Shri Ram ….. Jay Shri Hanuman……